Guantanamo Bay is a U.S. military base that is used as a detainment camp for prisoners considered dangerous, like suspected members of Al-Qaeda. Because they are a “risk” to the United States, they are kept there until they are deemed not a risk to U.S. security.
Guantanamo Bay is not a piece of land owned by the United States. While the U.S. makes use of the land, the U.S. does not have sovereignty over the area. The U.S. gained control over Cuba as a result of the Spanish-American war. Later, the first Cuban president offered Guantanamo Bay to the U.S.
The treaty stipulated that Cuba woud kept sovereignty, but the U.S. got jurisdiction and control over Guantanamo. In a later treaty, the U.S. agreed to pay lease for Guantanamo. Originally, they paid $2,000 a year in gold coins, an amount that was eventually raised to $4,085. The lease was to be permanent.
Even after the Cuban Revolution, Eisenhower continued to send the checks for the lease to Castro. Castro only ever cashed one of the checks, which according to him was an accident. The rest of the checks remain stashed in a drawer, not cashed.
The ATLAS experiment is a particle detector. These are used to detect and keep track of particles; particularly, high-energy particles. They can be used to measure particle energy or radiation around the detector. Some can even measure particle spin, momentum, and charge.
The ATLAS detector, in particular, records a huge amount of information about the particles around it. It records 23 petabytes of information in just a second. Since a petabyte is a million gigabytes, the detector creates billions of gigabytes of new information daily.
The ATLAS detector is 45 meters long and 25 meters in diameter. It weighs about 4,000 tons. It is located at CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Switzerland. There are a lot of people working with the detector and the information created by it.
Physicists, about 3,000 of them in 38 different countries, use the ATLAS detector in particular. It is an extremely important tool for modern research. The detector has been important in discovering new particles.
Nintendo wanted to use the Popeye comics to make a game, but weren’t able to get the license for him. Because they couldn’t use Popeye, they decided to make new characters and Donkey Kong was born. Having done some development work on a Popeye game, they decided to create a love triangle between an ape, carpenter, and girlfriend, that looked sort of like the love triangle between Popeye, Bluto, and Olive Oyl.
The game creator, Miyamoto, also used the Beauty and the Beast and King Kong as influences for his work with Donkey Kong. He came up with the name Donkey Kong because, not a fluent speaker of English, he thought that Donkey meant stupid.
His intention was that English speakers would see the title Donkey Kong and see Stupid Ape, but he messed up. In Nintendo of America, Miyamoto was the butt of many jokes, but nevertheless the name stayed the same.
The character Donkey Kong shows up in as Mario’s Enemy in his first game. He has also shown up in Mario Kart and Super Smash Bros. Donkey Kong is one of Nintendo’s most well-known characters. After being reformed sometime in the 90s, he's now counted amongst Nintendo's heroes.
The aerodynamic shape of the car makes it an excellent candidate for an almost flight-like feat. A plane works by using wings to direct the air flow and create lift. Similarly, the formula 1 car has its own sort of wings, but interestingly they have an opposite sort of effect on the car.
An F1 car has two wings, one on the front and one on the back. The difference between the car’s wings and an airplane’s wings is that the car’s wings appear to be upside down. Because they are upside down, they create a downward pulling effect. The car is physically designed to stay on the ground. On the ceiling, the car would work in the same way, sticking the car to it! The F1 has the necessary speed to stay on the ceiling.
The F1 would achieve about the right amount of down force at 130 km/hr. At 190km/hr, the car would really stick to the ceiling because the ratio of down force to the weight of the car is 2:1. Basically, the aerodynamics beats out gravity.
Probably the only reason no one has tried to drive on the ceiling is that there would be no way to get onto the ceiling without falling or risking falling.
The last two people on the moon were Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt, who were about of the Apollo 17 mission in 1972. While they were on the moon, they decided to take back a brick-sized piece of moon rock. They wanted to share it with different countries around the world. All they had to do was break it apart when they returned to earth.
Schmitt brought the moon rock back to Earth. It was given to President Richard Nixon, who had it broken up and mounted on plaques. Each plaque had the flag of the country it was going to be gifted to, and just a small piece of moon rock. One such piece was given to Ireland, 1 of 135 pieces of moon rock that were distributed.
The moon rock in Ireland was put in the Dunsink Observatory. Interest in the Apollo missions waned, and people began to pay very little attention to what happened to that little rock. In 1977, the Observatory burned down. The remains of the Observatory were put in the nearby dump, and no one thought to sort the moon rock out of the other debris. The rock was buried in the dump, and has not been found.
More recently, people have been interested in finding the rock again. Financial troubles in Ireland, make that little, expensive rock very appealing. Many people have tried to dig through the dump, in hopes of finding that tiny treasure among the trash.